7.1. Planning Stage - Part 05

Thu, 09/20/2012 - 10:02 -- klm-admin


  • Cement, sand and gravel sufficient to line settlement pond, construct gates, build foundations for all structures, and secure bricks
  • Prefabricated fiberglass if this material is envisaged for the biodigesters
  • Reinforcing rods for foundation floors of accommodation,storage, piggery
  • Clay to line fish ponds if soil is sandy
  • Bricks, tiles, wood, concrete for accommodation, storage, office, piggery, pumphouse, gates, and other structures.
  • Electrical conduit and connectors
  • Electrical wire and connectors
  • Water conduit, connectors, valves for fresh water
  • Containers and water conduit for cistern and rainwater
  • 150 meters hose with valve & connector
  • Bamboo or plastic irrigation tubes for garden
  • Plastic pipe for outlet (Siphon)
  • Concrete pipe for inlet
  • Wire and poles for fence
  • Wooden stakes and string for staking
  • Nails & screws
  • Door units & door locks
  • Window units & locks


  • first aid kit
  • log book, drawing paper, pens & pencils
  • spades, shovels, hoes for manual earth moving
  • pole hole digger
  • saws, hammers, other hand tools for construction
  • tools for concrete mixing and pouring (wooden finishing slats)
  • string for staking ponds
  • level
  • measuring tape
  • boots
  • leather & rubber gloves
  • buckets
  • wheelbarrows
  • backdigger
  • bulldozer for fish ponds is preferable

Decision on contractor:

Two or three contractors are invited to bid on the construction contract. However, it may also be decided that the leading organization takes responsibility for being the prime contractor, then hires the local community association and a site manager to undertake construction. This decision is based on the size and complexity of the facility plus locally available skills.

Construction contract signed.

Decision on supplier: if the contractor is not providing all materials, suppliers need to be found.

Testing: contracts for preliminary testing are agreed with local laboratories.

Security: arrangements are necessary to ensure the safety of material on the site from theft.

Insurance: Site insurance in place.

Safety and Health procedures are established including diversion of wastewater from site.

Operator: This is one of the key parts of the process. An interim training contract should be agreed with two farmers/operators to undertake training. Commence the operational training program before construction starts. This involves reviewing checklists, procedures in Operating Section of this guide. This ensures that the operator knows what to look for during construction. Also, the operator may be directly involved in the construction to improve understanding.

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